A bunion is a bony projection that forms at the base of the big toe and can cause the big toe to appear deformed or “out of joint.” Bunions develop when the big toe joint becomes enlarged, pushing the toe out of alignment and causing painful friction and pressure when wearing most types of “normal” footwear. In some cases, the big toe can become twisted or be pushed over neighboring toes, resulting in additional irritation and inflammation in the joint. Eventually, walking can become painful and arthritis may develop in the joint.
Once your bunions are evaluated, Dr. Cooper can recommend the best treatment to relieve discomfort. Conservative approaches include using padding to eliminate friction and relieve tenderness and inflammation in the skin, wearing shoes designed to accommodate the bunion and prevent it from becoming worse, joint exercises to prevent arthritis and nighttime splinting to promote proper alignment of the toes. When conservative approaches don't provide relief, surgery may be needed to correct the position of the joint. Dr. Cooper will review all your treatment options during your office evaluation.
The best way to prevent bunions is to wear shoes that have a toe area that is wide enough to accommodate all your toes comfortably. Although bunions are not genetic, they often occur in families due to a faulty foot structure that causes the big toe joint to move out of alignment. Bunions can also occur as a result of foot injuries or gait problems, like pronation, an inward rolling of the foot as you step down. If you notice the first signs of a bunion – a lump or hump near the base of your big toe or a tender spot in that area – see Dr. Cooper right away to prevent if from becoming worse.
Dr. Cooper accepts major insurancee plans including No Fault Insurance. For questions regarding your insurance provider, please contact Cooper Podiatry.